House with fire coming out of the roof
Fire fighters on top of a house that was on fire
  1. Disaster Preparedness
  2. Evacuation
  3. Smoke Detectors

Emergency Supplies

The basics of survival, water, food and clean air are essential, but some of the following items may make a time of crisis more comfortable.

Basic Supplies

  • Battery powered radio and extra batteries
  • First aid kit
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • Map of the area for evacuation or for locating shelters
  • Moist towelettes
  • Plastic garbage bags, ties and toilet paper for personal sanitation
  • A whistle to signal for help

Clothing & Bedding

If you live in a cold weather climate, you must think about warmth. It is possible that the power will be out and you will not have heat. Rethink your clothing and bedding supplies once a year to account for growing children and other family changes.

Have at least one complete change of warm clothing and shoes per person including:

  • A hat and gloves
  • A jacket or coat
  • Long pants
  • A long sleeve shirt
  • A sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person
  • Sturdy shoes


Emergency reference material such as a first aid book or a print out of this information:

  • Aluminum foil
  • Cash or traveler's checks, change
  • Compass
  • Fire extinguisher: small canister, ABC type
  • Matches in a waterproof container
  • Medicine dropper
  • Mess kits, or paper cups, plates and plastic utensils
  • Non-electric can opener / utility knife
  • Paper towels
  • Paper, pencil
  • Plastic storage containers
  • Pliers
  • Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water
  • Signal flare
  • Tube tent


  • Disinfectant
  • Feminine supplies
  • Household chlorine bleach
  • Personal hygiene items
  • Plastic bucket with tight lid
  • Plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation uses)
  • Toilet paper, towelettes

You can use bleach as a disinfectant (diluted nine parts water to one part bleach), or in an emergency you can also use it to purify water. Use 16 drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use scented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.

Important Family Documents

Keep copies of important family records such as insurance policies, identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container.